Proceedings of the 16th European Conference on Earthquake Resilience.
MITIGATING RISK THROUGH R&D+INNOVATION: CHILE’S NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
Juan Carlos DE LA LLERA, Felipe RIVERA (presenter), Magdalena GIL and Úrsula SCHWARZHAUPT
With an annual average expense of more than $2,800 million USD, Chile leads the OECD countries with the largest percentage of the GDP spent in disaster losses per year (almost 1.2% GDP). This was the motivation of the Chilean President in 2015 to ask a group of experts to prepare a national Research, Development, and Innovation (R&D+i) strategy for disaster resilience. The strategy was developed by a group, called by the acronym CREDEN, and involved more than 80 experts representing different national stakeholders from the academia, public and private sectors, NGOs, and the armed forces. The work of CREDEN finished December 2016 and produced an R&D+i roadmap composed of five enabling conditions and 14 tasks. The implementation of this strategy demands a total investment of $914 million USD in 20 years, which is expected to have a benefit-cost ratio of 2.32, and annual savings of about $106 million USD. The first stage in this process is the design of a National Institute of R&D+i for Disaster Resilience (ITReND), which will oversee the implementation of the strategy. ITReND’s design was completed in 2017 and its implementation is expected to begin in 2018. This strategy can be considered as an example of how to position R&D+i in the basis of public policy for disaster resilience. Both, the contents of this strategy and its implementation process, have unique aspects and may help guide other disaster-prone countries in their pursuit of larger resilience to the increasing occurrence rate of extreme natural events.
Reference: Juan Carlos DE LA LLERA, Felipe RIVERA, Magdalena GIL, Úrsula SCHWARZHAUPT (2018) “MITIGATING RISK THROUGH R&D+INNOVATION: CHILE’S NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE ”, Paper presented at the 16th European Conference on Earthquake resilience.